Brazilian Coffee Regions
While coffee was introduced to Brazil in the northern state of Pará, currently most of the Brazilian coffee production occurs in the Southeast region of Brazil, predominantly in the states of Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, São Paulo, and Parana (click here for Brazilian Coffee Production by State and Region)
For most of its history Brazilian coffee was largely defined, at least externally, by the port through which it was shipped. In general, the higher quality coffee from the Sul de Minas, São Paulo, and Mogiana regions was shipped through Santos. Coffee from Rio de Janeiro and the Matas de Minas region in Minas Gerais was largely shipped through Rio. Given the humid drying conditions in these areas, the coffees often were tainted with a phenolic-like defect that became known, in fact, as the “rio” defect. The three levels of this defect were “riado (roughly translated as light rio or rioy), rio, and rio zona, which was named after the coffee coming from Zona da Mata, which often contained very strong rio defect taints. ,
however the relatively recent , regions and microregions have set out to dilineate their region through IG (Indicação Geográfica), which . The Regi’ao do Cerrado Mineiro was the first Brazilian coffee region to obtain it’s Denomination of Origin, with other and the Mantiqueira de Minas region have successfully completed this process, and several others are in the process.
Arabica Coffee Regions
Norte Pioneiro do Paraná
From xxx to xxxx, the state of Paraná was the largest coffee producing state in Brazil, producing up to 1/3 of the world’s coffee. One of the few places in the world were coffee is produce in the sub-tropics, below the Tropic of Capricorn. In the last decade their has been a resurgence in the Norte Pioneiro do Paraná, placing in several Cup of Excellence competitions. Small growers dedicated to excellence.
Região do Cerrado Mineiro
The Região do Cerrado Mineiro was the first Brazilian coffee region to obtain a Denominação de Origem (Denomination of Origin).
Mantiqueira de Minas
Matas de Minas
Formerly known as the “Zona da Mata” or “Zone of the Forest,” this region was once considered to be a growing region of low quality Arabica coffee. However in the last decade, with improvements in post-harvest processing, logistics, and separation of high quality lots that were perhaps always there, this region, now organized as the Região das Matas de Minas, is home to some of Brazil’s best coffees. Now known largely for their pulped naturals, high quality coffees from this region present higher acidity and cup complexity.
Vale da Grama
Robusta (Conilon) Coffee Regions
Work in genetics to improve – regions within Espirito Santo